Dunbarney Primary School

Primary School

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Maths and Numeracy

Mathematics equips us with the skills we need to interpret and analyse information, simplify and solve problems, assess risk and make informed decisions.

Web icon Education Scotland - Maths and Numeracy information


From the early stages onwards, children and young people should experience success in mathematics and develop the confidence to take risks, ask questions and explore alternative solutions without fear of being wrong. They will enjoy exploring and applying mathematical concepts so as to understand and solve problems, explain their thinking and present their solutions to others in a variety of ways. At all stages, an emphasis on collaborative learning will encourage children to reason logically and creatively through discussion of mathematical ideas and concepts.


Through their use of effective questioning and discussion, teachers will use misconceptions and wrong answers as opportunities to improve and deepen children’s understanding of mathematical concepts.


The experiences and outcomes encourage learning and teaching approaches that challenge and stimulate children and young people and promote their enjoyment of mathematics. To achieve this, teachers will use a skillful mix of approaches, including:

  • planned active learning which provides opportunities to observe, explore, investigate, experiment, play, discuss and reflect
  • modelling and scaffolding the development of mathematical thinking skills
  • learning collaboratively and independently
  • opportunities for discussion, communication and explanation of thinking
  • developing mental agility
  • using relevant contexts and experiences familiar to young people
  • making links across the curriculum to show how mathematical concepts are applied in a wide range of contexts, such as those provided by science and social studies
  • using technology in appropriate and effective ways
  • building on the principles of Assessment is for Learning, ensuring that young people understand the purpose and relevance of what they are learning
  • developing problem-solving capabilities and critical thinking skills.


Mathematics is at its most powerful when the knowledge and understanding that have been developed are used to solve problems. Problem solving will be at the heart of all our learning and teaching. We should regularly encourage children and young people to explore different options: ‘what would happen if...?’ is the fundamental question for teachers and learners to ask as mathematical thinking develops.

Take a look at our school maths and numeracy policy for more information.  This can be found under the "Parents" tab where you should click on "Policies".